The Vitamin D Radio

The calciferol receptor (VDR) is a healthy proteins that is turned on by vitamin D. It is linked to maintaining the mineral harmony in the body and leading to growth and hair creation. It also treats adipose flesh.

VDRs are expressed inside the parathyroid glands, intestines, epithelial skin cells, and many defense cell types. They are considered to regulate the intestinal consumption of calcium supplements, and to mediate some of the effects of vitamin D upon bone routine service. They are also thought to perform an important function in metabolic rate.

VDR can be found in a variety of flesh, including epithelial cells, macrophages, neutrophils, and skin keratinocytes. However , they can be most widely expressed in the kidneys and bone fragments.

The VDR is phosphorylated about serine residues by several protein kinases. These kinases include PKA and PKC. The effect of the kinases in VDR is usually ligand reliant. Specifically, the phosphorylation of Ser51 simply by PKC reduced VDR nuclear localization. Likewise, phosphorylation of Ser182 by PKA reduced RXR heterodimerization.

Studies have shown that VDRs exist in a subset of glial cells, especially in oligodendrocytes in white subject. Although VDR immunoreactivity has been diagnosed in a number of glial cell lines, no proof has been provided that the existence of VDR in glia is a cause of increased risk of tumorigenesis.

Additionally , VDR appears to be present in a subset of neurons. Actually nuclear discoloration has been revealed in man cortex and glial cell-lines.

A large 220-kDa protein is found in human key glioblastoma cells. In contrast, a tiny recombinant VDR-like protein was produced.

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